In many cases, Illinoisans never need to wonder about the state's role in enforcing child support. In these situations, no one needs to wonder because the parent who owes child support (typically the parent who does not live with the child) pays his or her child-support obligation on time and in full each month. However, not everyone is so fortunate. In these less-fortunate situations, the government's role can become pivotal in ensuring the non-custodial parent pays his or her child support.
Child support orders come from family law courts. Courts consult Illinois' child-support guidelines when they calculate the amount of support. This calculation is primarily determined by considering the non-custodial parent's income and the number of children. Other factors that can impact the calculation are the child's specific needs and the custodial parent's income.